Executrix Held Liable Under Federal Claims Statute For Actions Taken Prior to Appointment as Executrix

A decedent died while owing over $340,000 in unpaid federal income tax liabilities. His estate was insolvent. The assets of his estate consisted almost entirely of a 100% interest in one corporation and 50% of another corporation. Each corporation owned a fishing vessel as its sole asset. Shortly after the decedent died, the decedent’s surviving spouse transferred the shares of the 100% owned company to herself. About six months later, she was appointed executrix of the decedent’s estate, and later transferred the shares of the second corporation to herself. At the time of these transfers, she knew of the unpaid tax liabilities.

The IRS sought to impose liability on the wife for the unpaid tax liabilities per the application of the federal claims statute for the value of the stock she distributed (31 U.S.C. Section 3713). The trial court concurred and entered a judgment against the wife, and the appellate court affirmed the judgment, even though some of the shares were distributed prior to the wife being appointed executrix.

31 U.S.C. Section 3713(a)(1)(B)…

U.S. v. McNicol, 118 AFTR 2d 2016-5150 (CA1 2016))

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